Craniofacial Anatomy and Embryology

The very early stage of human development is the formation of  head and neck .The Embryologic process of  head and neck development gives rise to the structure & the anatomy of  the Craniofacial Membrane. It forms under three main  layers namely Ectoderm, Endoderm and Mesoderm. During the early stage of growth, the cranium bones are separated by the sutures. The sutures of the infant skull will be wide and have a large separation between the bones. Without any restriction, these sutures allow the brain to grow.  The bony plates fuse together as the brain growth occurs. The Development of Human Facial features is based on the first branchial arch and Mesenchyme ventral to the forebrain. The formation of face and head is due to the bony skeleton. Any abnormalities in the bony skeleton leads to the craniofacial problems. The correction of these problems leads to the surgery called as Craniofacial surgery.

  • Track 1-1 Development of Head and Neck
  • Track 2-2 Three Germ Layers
  • Track 3-3 Pharyngeal Arch System
  • Track 4-4 The Cranial Vault
  • Track 5-5 External And Internal Skull Base

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